Alphabetical lists of the vascular plant families with their phylogenetic classification numbers

 

Listes alphabétiques des familles de plantes vasculaires avec leurs numéros de classement phylogénétique

 

  • Frédéric Danet

 

Résumé Plan Texte Bibliographie Notes Auteurs Citation PDF

 


Résumé / Abstract


This paper provides, for herbarium curators, the alphabetical lists of the recognized families in pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms with their phylogenetic classification numbers.

Mots clés : Angiosperms - gymnosperms - pteridophytes - ferns - lycophytes - herbarium - family arrangement - classification - APG system - PPG system - phylogeny

 

Cet article produit, pour les conservateurs d’herbier, les listes alphabétiques des familles reconnues pour les ptéridophytes, les gymnospermes et les angiospermes avec leurs numéros de classement phylogénétique.

Keywords: Angiospermes - gymnospermes - ptéridophytes - fougères - lycophytes - herbier - rangement des familles – classification - système APG - système PPG - phylogénie

 

 


Plan


Introduction

1. Alphabetical list of pteridophyte families with their phylogenetic classification numbers

2. Alphabetical list of gymnosperm families with their phylogenetic classification numbers

3. Alphabetical list of angiosperm families with their phylogenetic classification numbers

Conclusion

Bibliographie

 


Texte intégral


 

Introduction

 

The organization of herbarium collections consists in arranging the specimens logically to find and reclassify them easily in the appropriate storage units. In the vascular plant collections, commonly used methods are systematic classification, alphabetical classification, or combinations of both. In systematically arranged herbaria, the taxa are grouped by affinities which facilitates identification work by comparison (Funk 2003) and allows reduction of specimen movements when adapting to systematic and nomenclatural changes.

The most common reason given for using an alphabetical arrangement is that the specimens are easier to file and locate (Barringer 1999; Gautier & Clerc 2017). This argument is valid for the arrangement of taxa below the rank of family in a general collection. However, at family rank, a systematic classification can be as easy to use as an alphabetical classification provided that families are associated with their classification numbers in alphabetical lists 1. These alphabetical lists have been established for the systems of A.-L. de Jussieu, A.-P. de Candolle, Bentham & Hooker, etc. that are still used in the management of historical herbaria whose original classification is voluntarily preserved.

Recent classification systems based on molecular phylogenies have developed, and herbaria are gradually adapting to these new and hopefully more stable systems for the arrangement of their general (i.e. non-historical) collections. In order to arrange usual collections systematically, phylogenetic trees were translated into linear sequences of families. Haston et al. (2007) devised a linear classification of the angiosperms according to APG II (2003) and allocated a family number to each family. Analogous linear classifications were provided for extant lycophytes and ferns (Christenhusz et al., 2011b; PPG I 2016), and for extant gymnosperms (Christenhusz et al., 2011a). The angiosperm classification was updated according to APG IV (2016). However, these linear classifications have not provided alphabetical lists which would locate reliably, a family in the herbarium. To fill this gap, this paper provides, for herbarium curators, the alphabetical lists of recognized families in pteridophytes, gymnosperms and angiosperms with the phylogenetic classification numbers allocated by the PPG I (2016), Christenhusz et al. (2011a), and the APG IV (2016) respectively.

 

 

1. Alphabetical list of pteridophyte families with their phylogenetic classification numbers

 

Anemiaceae.............................

Aspleniaceae...........................

Athyriaceae...............................

Blechnaceae............................

Cibotiaceae..............................

Culcitaceae..............................

Cyatheaceae............................

Cystodiaceae...........................

Cystopteridaceae....................

Davalliaceae.............................

Dennstaedtiaceae...................

Desmophlebiaceae................

Dicksoniaceae.........................

Didymochlaenaceae...............

Diplaziopsidaceae...................

Dipteridaceae...........................

Dryopteridaceae.......................

15

37

41

40

22

20

25

27

32

50

31

35

24

43

34

11

45

 

Equisetaceae............................

Gleicheniaceae.........................

Hemidictyaceae........................

Hymenophyllaceae..................

Hypodematiaceae....................

Isoëtaceae.................................

Lindsaeaceae...........................

Lomariopsidaceae...................

Lonchitidaceae.........................

Loxsomataceae........................

Lycopodiaceae..........................

Lygodiaceae..............................

Marattiaceae..............................

Marsileaceae.............................

Matoniaceae..............................

Metaxyaceae..............................

Nephrolepidaceae...................

4

12

36

9

44

2

29

47

28

19

1

13

7

17

10

23

46

 

Oleandraceae...........................

Onocleaceae.............................

Ophioglossaceae....................

Osmundaceae..........................

Plagiogyriaceae........................

Polypodiaceae..........................

Psilotaceae...............................

Pteridaceae...............................

Rhachidosoraceae..................

Saccolomataceae....................

Salviniaceae.............................

Schizaeaceae...........................

Selaginellaceae.......................

Tectariaceae..............................

Thelypteridaceae......................

Thyrsopteridaceae...................

Woodsiaceae............................

49

39

6

8

21

51

5

30

33

26

16

14

3

48

42

18

38

 

2. Alphabetical list of gymnosperm families with their phylogenetic classification numbers

 

Araucariaceae...........................

Cupressaceae..........................

Cycadaceae..............................

Ephedraceae............................

8

11

1

6

 

Ginkgoaceae............................

Gnetaceae................................

Pinaceae.....................................

Podocarpaceae.........................

3

5

7

9

 

Sciadopityaceae........................

Taxaceae.....................................

Welwitschiaceae.......................

Zamiaceae.................................

10

12

4

2

 

3. Alphabetical list of angiosperm families with their phylogenetic classification numbers

The following families are listed under their descriptive as well as their alternative names as authorized by article 18.5 of the ICN (Turland et al., 2018): Compositae/Asteraceae, Cruciferae/Brassicaceae, Gramineae/Poaceae, Guttiferae/Clusiaceae, Labiatae/Lamiaceae, Leguminosae/Fabaceae, Palmae/ Arecaceae, and Umbelliferae/Apiaceae.

 

Acanthaceae..........................

Achariaceae...........................

Achatocarpaceae..................

Acoraceae..............................

Actinidiaceae.........................

Adoxaceae.............................

Aextoxicaceae........................

Aizoaceae..............................

Akaniaceae............................

Alismataceae........................

Alseuosmiaceae..................

Alstroemeriaceae.................

Altingiaceae...........................

Alzateaceae...........................

Amaranthaceae....................

Amaryllidaceae.....................

Amborellaceae.....................

Anacampserotaceae...........

Anacardiaceae......................

Ancistrocladaceae................

Anisophylleaceae.................

Annonaceae..........................

Aphanopetalaceae..............

Aphloiaceae..........................

Apiaceae................................

Apocynaceae.........................

Apodanthaceae....................

Aponogetonaceae................

Aquifoliaceae........................

Araceae..................................

Araliaceae.............................

Arecaceae.............................

377

199

296

27

342

408

271

304

254

30

397

55

123

221

297

73

1

316

239

288

160

18

131

223

416

356

159

34

392

28

414

76

 

Argophyllaceae.....................

Aristolochiaceae...................

Asparagaceae......................

Asphodelaceae....................

Asteliaceae...........................

Asteraceae............................

Asteropeiaceae....................

Atherospermataceae..........

Austrobaileyaceae...............

Balanopaceae......................

Balanophoraceae................

Balsaminaceae....................

Barbeuiaceae.......................

Barbeyaceae.........................

Basellaceae..........................

Bataceae................................

Begoniaceae.........................

Berberidaceae......................

Berberidopsidaceae............

Betulaceae............................

Biebersteiniaceae...............

Bignoniaceae.......................

Bixaceae................................

Blandfordiaceae..................

Bonnetiaceae.......................

Boraginaceae.......................

Boryaceae.............................

Brassicaceae.......................

Bromeliaceae.......................

Brunelliaceae.......................

Bruniaceae...........................

Burmanniaceae...................

399

12

74

72

64

403

292

22

5

193

275

325

302

144

312

261

166

110

272

158

235

378

250

63

182

357

62

270

91

175

406

44

 

Burseraceae...........................

Butomaceae...........................

Buxaceae................................

Byblidaceae............................

Cabombaceae.......................

Cactaceae...............................

Calceolariaceae.....................

Calophyllaceae......................

Calycanthaceae.....................

Calyceraceae.........................

Campanulaceae....................

Campynemataceae..............

Canellaceae..........................

Cannabaceae........................

Cannaceae............................

Capparaceae........................

Caprifoliaceae.......................

Cardiopteridaceae................

Caricaceae.............................

Carlemanniaceae.................

Caryocaraceae......................

Caryophyllaceae...................

Casuarinaceae.....................

Celastraceae.........................

Centroplacaceae..................

Cephalotaceae......................

Ceratophyllaceae..................

Cercidiphyllaceae.................

Chloranthaceae.....................

Chrysobalanaceae................

Circaeasteraceae.................

Cistaceae...............................

238

31

117

374

3

317

368

184

19

402

394

51

8

149

86

268

409

389

257

365

187

295

156

168

190

174

104

125

26

197

107

251

               

Cleomaceae..........................

Clethraceae...........................

Clusiaceae.............................

Colchicaceae.........................

Columelliaceae.....................

Combretaceae.......................

Commelinaceae....................

Compositae............................

Connaraceae.........................

Convolvulaceae.....................

Coriariaceae..........................

Cornaceae..............................

Corsiaceae.............................

Corynocarpaceae..................

Costaceae..............................

Crassulaceae........................

Crossosomataceae..............

Cruciferae...............................

Crypteroniaceae....................

Ctenolophonaceae...............

Cucurbitaceae.......................

Cunoniaceae.........................

Curtisiaceae..........................

Cyclanthaceae......................

Cymodoceaceae..................

Cynomoriaceae....................

Cyperaceae...........................

Cyrillaceae.............................

Cytinaceae.............................

Daphniphyllaceae................

Dasypogonaceae.................

Datiscaceae..........................

269

343

183

56

405

214

78

403

170

359

162

324

52

161

88

130

229

270

220

178

163

172

322

49

41

135

98

344

244

126

75

165

 

Degeneriaceae.....................

Diapensiaceae.....................

Dichapetalaceae..................

Didiereaceae........................

Dilleniaceae..........................

Dioncophyllaceae................

Dioscoreaceae.....................

Dipentodontaceae...............

Dipterocarpaceae................

Dirachmaceae......................

Doryanthaceae.....................

Droseraceae.........................

Drosophyllaceae..................

Ebenaceae............................

Ecdeiocoleaceae..................

Elaeagnaceae.......................

Elaeocarpaceae....................

Elatinaceae............................

Emblingiaceae......................

Ericaceae...............................

Eriocaulaceae.......................

Erythroxylaceae.....................

Escalloniaceae.....................

Eucommiaceae....................

Euphorbiaceae.....................

Euphroniaceae.....................

Eupomatiaceae....................

Eupteleaceae........................

Fabaceae...............................

Fagaceae...............................

Flagellariaceae.....................

Fouquieriaceae....................

15

338

195

311

120

287

45

234

253

145

67

284

286

334

102

146

173

191

263

345

94

180

404

350

207

196

17

105

140

153

100

328

 

Francoaceae..........................

Frankeniaceae......................

Garryaceae.............................

Geissolomataceae...............

Gelsemiaceae.......................

Gentianaceae........................

Geraniaceae..........................

Gerrardinaceae.....................

Gesneriaceae........................

Gisekiaceae...........................

Gomortegaceae....................

Goodeniaceae.......................

Goupiaceae............................

Gramineae..............................

Griseliniaceae........................

Grossulariaceae....................

Grubbiaceae...........................

Guamatelaceae.....................

Gunneraceae.........................

Guttiferae................................

Gyrostemonaceae................

Haemodoraceae...................

Halophytaceae.......................

Haloragaceae........................

Hamamelidaceae.................

Hanguanaceae......................

Heliconiaceae........................

Helwingiaceae.......................

Hernandiaceae......................

Himantandraceae..................

Huaceae..................................

Humiriaceae...........................

213

280

351

224

355

353

212

231

369

303

21

401

201

103

412

128

323

227

119

183

266

81

313

134

124

77

84

391

23

16

169

198

               

Hydatellaceae........................

Hydrangeaceae.....................

Hydrocharitaceae..................

Hydroleaceae.........................

Hydrostachyaceae.................

Hypericaceae.........................

Hypoxidaceae.........................

Icacinaceae............................

Iridaceae..................................

Irvingiaceae.............................

Iteaceae...................................

Ixioliriaceae.............................

Ixonanthaceae........................

Joinvilleaceae.........................

Juglandaceae........................

Juncaceae..............................

Juncaginaceae......................

Kewaceae...............................

Kirkiaceae...............................

Koeberliniaceae....................

Krameriaceae........................

Labiatae..................................

Lacistemataceae..................

Lamiaceae.............................

Lanariaceae...........................

Lardizabalaceae....................

Lauraceae..............................

Lecythidaceae.......................

Leguminosae........................

Lentibulariaceae...................

Lepidobotryaceae.................

Liliaceae.................................

2

320

32

363

319

186

66

348

70

177

127

68

209

101

155

97

35

301

237

260

137

383

203

383

65

108

25

330

140

379

167

60

 

Limeaceae..............................

Limnanthaceae......................

Linaceae..................................

Linderniaceae.........................

Loasaceae..............................

Loganiaceae...........................

Lophiocarpaceae...................

Lophopyxidaceae...................

Loranthaceae..........................

Lowiaceae...............................

Lythraceae...............................

Macarthuriaceae....................

Magnoliaceae.........................

Malpighiaceae........................

Malvaceae...............................

Marantaceae...........................

Marcgraviaceae......................

Martyniaceae...........................

Maundiaceae..........................

Mayacaceae............................

Mazaceae................................

Melanthiaceae........................

Melastomataceae..................

Meliaceae................................

Menispermaceae...................

Menyanthaceae......................

Metteniusaceae.....................

Microteaceae..........................

Misodendraceae....................

Mitrastemonaceae.................

Molluginaceae........................

Monimiaceae..........................

299

258

208

373

321

354

300

188

279

83

215

293

14

192

247

87

326

375

36

95

384

53

219

243

109

400

349

294

277

346

309

24

 

Montiaceae.............................

Montiniaceae..........................

Moraceae................................

Moringaceae..........................

Muntingiaceae.......................

Musaceae...............................

Myodocarpaceae....................

Myricaceae..............................

Myristicaceae..........................

Myrothamnaceae...................

Myrtaceae................................

Nartheciaceae........................

Nelumbonaceae....................

Nepenthaceae........................

Neuradaceae..........................

Nitrariaceae.............................

Nothofagaceae.......................

Nyctaginaceae........................

Nymphaeaceae......................

Nyssaceae..............................

Ochnaceae..............................

Olacaceae...............................

Oleaceae.................................

Onagraceae............................

Oncothecaceae......................

Opiliaceae...............................

Orchidaceae...........................

Orobanchaceae.....................

Oxalidaceae............................

Paeoniaceae..........................

Palmae....................................

Pandaceae.............................

310

361

150

256

245

85

415

154

13

118

218

43

113

285

246

236

152

308

4

318

181

273

366

216

347

274

61

387

171

122

76

176

               

Pandanaceae.........................

Papaveraceae.........................

Paracryphiaceae.....................

Passifloraceae........................

Paulowniaceae.......................

Pedaliaceae............................

Penaeaceae............................

Pennantiaceae........................

Pentadiplandraceae...............

Pentaphragmataceae............

Pentaphylacaceae..................

Penthoraceae..........................

Peraceae..................................

Peridiscaceae.........................

Petenaeaceae.........................

Petermanniaceae...................

Petiveriaceae...........................

Petrosaviaceae........................

Phellinaceae............................

Philesiaceae............................

Philydraceae............................

Phrymaceae.............................

Phyllanthaceae........................

Phyllonomaceae.....................

Physenaceae...........................

Phytolaccaceae.......................

Picramniaceae........................

Picrodendraceae....................

Piperaceae..............................

Pittosporaceae.......................

Plantaginaceae......................

Platanaceae............................

50

106

407

202

386

376

222

410

265

395

332

133

205

121

232

54

306

42

398

57

79

385

211

390

291

305

230

210

11

413

370

114

 

Plocospermataceae.............

Plumbaginaceae...................

Poaceae..................................

Podostemaceae....................

Polemoniaceae.....................

Polygalaceae..........................

Polygonaceae........................

Pontederiaceae.....................

Portulacaceae........................

Posidoniaceae.......................

Potamogetonaceae...............

Primulaceae...........................

Proteaceae.............................

Putranjivaceae.......................

Quillajaceae...........................

Rafflesiaceae.........................

Ranunculaceae.....................

Rapateaceae..........................

Resedaceae...........................

Restionaceae.........................

Rhabdodendraceae..............

Rhamnaceae.........................

Rhizophoraceae....................

Ripogonaceae.......................

Roridulaceae.........................

Rosaceae...............................

Rousseaceae........................

Rubiaceae..............................

Ruppiaceae...........................

Rutaceae................................

Sabiaceae..............................

Salicaceae.............................

364

282

103

185

329

142

283

80

315

39

38

335

115

189

139

206

111

92

267

99

289

147

179

58

341

143

393

352

40

241

112

204

 

Salvadoraceae.......................

Santalaceae...........................

Sapindaceae..........................

Sapotaceae............................

Sarcobataceae......................

Sarcolaenaceae....................

Sarraceniaceae.....................

Saururaceae...........................

Saxifragaceae.........................

Scheuchzeriaceae.................

Schisandraceae.....................

Schlegeliaceae.......................

Schoepfiaceae........................

Scrophulariaceae...................

Setchellanthaceae.................

Simaroubaceae......................

Simmondsiaceae...................

Siparunaceae..........................

Sladeniaceae..........................

Smilacaceae...........................

Solanaceae.............................

Sphaerosepalaceae..............

Sphenocleaceae....................

Stachyuraceae........................

Staphyleaceae........................

Stegnospermataceae...........

Stemonaceae.........................

Stemonuraceae.....................

Stilbaceae...............................

Strasburgeriaceae................

Strelitziaceae..........................

Stylidiaceae............................

262

276

240

333

307

252

340

10

129

33

7

380

278

371

259

242

290

20

331

59

360

248

362

228

226

298

48

388

372

225

82

396

               

Styracaceae............................

Surianaceae...........................

Symplocaceae.......................

Talinaceae..............................

Tamaricaceae........................

Tapisciaceae..........................

Tecophilaeaceae...................

Tetracarpaeaceae.................

Tetrachondraceae.................

Tetramelaceae.......................

Tetrameristaceae..................

Theaceae................................

Thomandersiaceae..............

Thurniaceae...........................

339

141

337

314

281

233

69

132

367

164

327

336

381

96

 

Thymelaeaceae......................

Ticodendraceae.....................

Tofieldiaceae..........................

Torricelliaceae........................

Tovariaceae.............................

Trigoniaceae...........................

Trimeniaceae..........................

Triuridaceae............................

Trochodendraceae................

Tropaeolaceae.......................

Typhaceae...............................

Ulmaceae................................

Umbelliferae...........................

Urticaceae...............................

249

157

29

411

264

194

6

46

116

255

90

148

416

151

 

Vahliaceae..............................

Velloziaceae...........................

Verbenaceae..........................

Violaceae................................

Vitaceae..................................

Vochysiaceae.........................

Winteraceae...........................

Xeronemataceae...................

Xyridaceae..............................

Zingiberaceae........................

Zosteraceae...........................

Zygophyllaceae......................

 

 

358

47

382

200

136

217

9

71

93

89

37

138

 

 

 

Conclusion

 

The problem with herbarium arrangements is that they do not last; no sooner a classification is established than it is already obsolete. Hopefully next linear classifications and alphabetical lists will be published simultaneously to facilitate their application in herbaria.

 

References

 

APG II, 2003. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG II. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 141: 399–436.

APG IV, 2016. An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG IV. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 181(1): 1–20. doi:10.1111/boj.12385

Barringer K., 1999. The Brooklyn Botanic Garden herbarium: A case study in modern herbarium design. Pp. 165–180 in Metsger, D. A. & Byers, S. C. (eds.): Managing the Modern Herbarium: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Vancouver, Canada: Elton-Wolf.

Christenhusz M. J. M., Reveal J., Farjon A., Gardner M. F., Mill R. R. & Chase M. W., 2011a. A new classification and linear sequence of extant gymnosperms. Phytotaxa, 19: 55–70.

Christenhusz M. J. M., Zhang X.-C. & Schneider H., 2011b. A linear sequence of extant families and genera of lycophytes and ferns. Phytotaxa, 19: 7–54.

Funk V. A. 2003. An opinion: down with alphabetically arranged herbaria (and alphabetically arranged floras too for that matter). Plant Science Bulletin, 49(4): 131–132.

Gautier L. & Clerc P., 2017. Le classement des herbiers des Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève. La Feuille Verte, 47: 28–35.

Haston E., Richardson J. E., Stevens P. F., Chase M. W. & Harris D. J., 2007. A linear sequence of Angiosperm Phylogeny Group II families. Taxon, 56: 7–12.

PPG I, 2016. A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns. Journal of Systematics and Evolution, 54(6): 563–603.

Turland N. J., Wiersema J. H., Barrie F. R., Greuter W., Hawksworth D. L., Herendeen P. S., Knapp S., Kusber W.-H., Li D.-Z., Marhold K., May T. W., McNeill J., Monro A. M., Prado J., Price M. J. & Smith G. F. (eds.), 2018. International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Shenzhen Code) adopted by the Nineteenth International Botanical Congress Shenzhen, China, July 2017. Regnum Vegetabile 159. Glashütten: Koeltz Botanical Books. https://doi.org/10.12705/Code.2018

 

 


Notes


  1. A systematic classification can be also advantageous for arrangement below the rank of family, depending on the herbarium type, such as a monographic collection or a regional collection referring to a regional systematic flora.

 

Auteur


Frédéric Danet
Mairie de Lyon, Espaces verts, Jardin botanique, Herbier, 69205 Lyon cedex 01, France.
Email : Cette adresse e-mail est protégée contre les robots spammeurs. Vous devez activer le JavaScript pour la visualiser.
 

Citation


Danet F., 2019. Alphabetical lists of the vascular plant families with their phylogenetic classification numbers. Colligo, 2(1). https://perma.cc/2WFD-A2A7